This guide will help you get a website up and running with WordPress, installed on an Amazon EC2 virtual machine (also known as an “instance”). We will go through how to configure and launch an EC2 instance, how to get your WordPress username and password, and how to log into your WordPress admin portal. Everything done in this tutorial is free-tier eligible.
Sign in to the Console
Open the AWS Management Console. https://www.amazon.com/ When the screen loads, enter your user name and password to get started. Then find EC2 under Compute, and double click to open the dashboard.
Step 1: Launch an Amazon EC2 Instance
Now you are in the EC2 dashboard, click Launch Instance from the dashboard to create and configure your virtual machine.
Step 2: Configure your Instance
Now you’re in the Amazon EC2 configuration wizard, we will be using an existing Amazon Machine Image (AMI) from the AWS Marketplace that has WordPress already installed. The AWS Marketplace provides access to thousands of pre-configured images for common pieces of software.
1. Click on AWS Marketplace on the left-hand side, search for WordPress, look for WordPress powered by BitNami, then click Select.
Launch a WordPress Website – AMI
2. You will be presented a detailed pricing page. In this case, the price will be $0.00 for the software regardless of the size of the instance that you use.
Scroll to the bottom and click Continue.
Launch a WordPress Website – AMI Pricing
3. For this tutorial, we will be using a free-tier eligible t2.micro instance. Click on t2.micro in the Type column (it should be the first one), then click Next: Configure Instance Details. It may take a few seconds to load.
On the following screens, click Next: Add Storage and then Next: Tag Instance.
Getting Started – Choose an instance – WordPress
4. We will set a name for your instance in this step. Enter WordPress in the Value box next to the Name box. Click Review and Launch to continue.
Launch a WordPress Website – Tag
5. You can review your instance configurations, then click Launch when you’re ready to start your Amazon EC2 instance running WordPress.
Launch a WordPress Website – Launch Instance
6. The next screen deals with key-pairs. Key-pairs are how you can connect to your EC2 instances via a terminal program using Secure Shell (SSH). Select Proceed without a key pair, and check the box acknowledging that you know you need this key to access your EC2 instance.
Press the Launch Instances button to launch your instance. Be aware that starting the instance up may take a few minutes.
Launch a WordPress Website – Keypair
7. Click View Instances on the bottom right of the page (you may need to scroll down to see it). Then select the WordPress instance, make sure the Instance State says running. If Instance State says launching then AWS is still preparing your WordPress instance.
Launch a WordPress Website – Instance Running
8. Once your instance is running, you can now test your WordPress website. Find the Public IP for your instance at the bottom of this page.
Launch a WordPress Website – Public IP
9. Copy the Public IP into a new tab in your web browser, and you should see a Hello World blog page appear.
Launch a WordPress Website – Hello World
Step 3: Make Changes to Your Website
Now that you have your WordPress site up and running, it’s time to log into its administration page so you can customise your site. To find your password, please follow the steps below:
1. Switch back to your EC2 management console in your web browser. Select WordPress instance, and click the Actions button. In the drop down menu, select Instance Setting, and choose Get System Log.
Launch a WordPress Website – System Log
2. In the system log window, scroll through to the bottom to find the password that’s surrounded by hash marks.
Launch a WordPress Website – Password
3. Now that you have your password, switch back to the tab that you used to access the WordPress Hello World page. Add /admin to the end of the URL so it looks something like 18.104.22.168/admin. Hit enter.
Enter the Username user and the Password that you read from the log file.
Launch a WordPress Website and Login
Well Done! You now have your WordPress site up and running. You can now manage, customise, and configure it as you like.